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when to plant grapes in australia

Grape cuttings are taken from dormant vines in the winter months. For the Perth region, regular watering of vines in the home garden is necessary from early November to late March in most seasons. A distinctive early-season proprietary black seedless grape. This article outlines the non commercial growing of table grapes. Do not remove the leaves during the growing season, these leaves will supply the vine with the food they require for the next growing season. FEED vines in sandy soils with a complete plant food in spring. Frost tolerant. Native to America, blueberries were picked in the wild for centuries by Native Americans, who ate them fresh, then dried them for winter use. Dr Peter May is one of Australia's leading horticulturalists and he has been growing grapes as a hobby for 25 years. SOIL must be well drained with manure, well-rotted compost or blood and bone added before planting out. Grapes do best at about 16°C (61°F) from early spring. the Gascoyne), vines should be pruned mid July. But it took me a few years to get around to acting on it. Cane pruning is used on low fruitful varieties such as sultana, dawn seedless, red globe and crimson seedless. Early training and regular pruning will help maximise the harvest. can be a rewarding experience. of poultry or rabbit manure, or 5-20 (2.2-9 kg.) The evidence is mounting that certain foods affect our bodies and directly influence our health. FEED with compost or old manure in spring and summer. If lifting plants from a nursery bed, lift the… ‘Crimson Seedless’: A late-ripening grape developed in the late 1980s by a pair of plant breeders in California. "You know," said Piers, "you ought to plant some grapevines down there." As you plant, cut the existing root back to 6 inches; this will encourage feeder roots to grow near the trunk. Series 22 Episode 22. In very dry areas, extra water may be needed during the summer months. A number of foods are so packed with vitamins, antioxidants and other beneficial substances that they have been dubbed superfoods. Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development's Agriculture and Food division is committed to growing and protecting WA's agriculture and food sector. They are vigorous growers, and with the proper pruning, they will produce fruit with ease and can last longer than 30 years. So now there’s a scientific reason to have strawberries with champagne! Grapes should have some sort of support. Raspberries are easy to grow and are best planted in a bed of their own.Unlike other bramble fruit, they pull free of the core when picked. PRUNE in winter to encourage an abundance of fruit. The root system of a grapevine can grow deep, so well-cultivated soil is best. Stubbo, NSW, Australia. Feeding. Antioxidants block the formation of the cell-damaging free radicals that accelerate ageing, harm arteries and induce cancerous cell changes. They can also be planted outside with the trunk and stems trained inside (as at Hampton Court Palace). Therefore, a grapevine should be planted with a gap of 2.5m between it and any other plant. Yes but cover if a severe frost is forecast. Vines grown this way rarely need extra watering and are easy to feed and manage. If for any reason you have to delay planting bare-rooted vines, prevent the roots from drying out by covering them with damp sacking or a temporary cover of moist earth. They are fast-growing and bear delicious bunches of fruit to eat fresh or turn into wine. Wait! June is a good month to get strawberry runners, blueberry plants, raspberry canes and grapevines into the ground for a spring and summer harvest. Grape. In summer they are rich and productive and in autumn the leaves turn beautiful tones. Abundant producer of light red, oval-shaped grapes that have a crisp texture and sweet flavour. Raspberries prefer cool climates, but certain varieties, such as ‘Heritage’, will grow in warmer areas, provided they are planted in a position that is protected from the hot afternoon sun. The best time of year to plant them is when they are dormant, you will find a large variety of vines available and below is a list of table and wine grapes. You still get the same health benefits from non-alcoholic red wine. FEED with a plant food formulated for azaleas or rhododendrons. A shortened version of the URL, helpful when communicating the URL over email or verbally. In the warm environment of Perth, plant in October or November. Otherwise, plant in winter and choose only bare-rooted plants from the nursery then, too. If the vine is growing on a pergola, then 20-40 spurs can be left. The new canes produced are left to crop in the following season and can be tied Some even have the ability to be both! There are varieties available for growing in pots, which are ideal for compact gardens or small households that only need a few plants. It is important during the first year to let the vine grow vigorously to achieve the desired height. Midnight Beauty grapes are a seedless, large, crisp and extremely sweet, grape. The light aroma of their delicate bell-shaped, pinkish-white flowers attracts bees for pollination. Each cane will have 8 to 16 buds, but be no longer than 75cm. Black Muscat : Table or wine grape. Plant Grapes against a single poles at about a metre apart. Spacing. Planting Bare-Root Grapes During the winter dormant season, garden stores in warm climates begin to sell bare-root grapevines. It needs to be high in nutrients and the Sunraysia region on the NSW and Vic border and Mundubbera, St George and Emerald in Qld, where Sun World grapes are grown, have the perfect soil for great grape growing. Grapevines are deep rooted, so once established, they will look after themselves. A freshly picked raspberry from a homegrown bush tastes so much better than most shop-bought fruit. Grapes will tolerate a wide range of climatic conditions but prefer climates with cold winters and hot, dry summers. Mulch with well rotted compost annually. To begin this process, vines should be trained up a garden stake, bamboo stake or something similar. SOIL needs to be rich in organic matter, so dig in some well-rotted compost before planting. The powerful antioxidant anthocyanin, a red pigment, is found in all red, purple and blue fruit. We’ve all been told that a glass or two of red wine a day can be good for our health. They can also be grown in pots. Not only do black grapes, blueberries, raspberries and strawberries pack a powerful nutritional punch, they are also easy to grow at home. Ensure the vine is well watered during spring and summer and feed every 6-8 weeks with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser to encourage healthy leaf and stem growth. Plant your grapes in spring in a sheltered location to prevent frost damage. Will grow on relatively poor soil as long as it is well drained and compost is dug in. I brought these vines last year and they have boomed since they were planted. Grapes: The grapevine is one of the world's oldest cultivated plants – it has been planted for about two million years. Make sure the ground is free of perennial weeds. How to Fertilize Grapes. In pots, use an organic potting mix with a controlled-release fertiliser such as Miracle Gro Organic Choice Vegetable & Herb MIx. Resources in this section provide knowledge from advances made in research and development in planting materials for the Australian grape and wine community. Grape growing timeline Tie the two to three shoots to the garden stake with string or plastic tape (flagging tape/budding tape). Often referred to as brain or youth berries, blueberries are among the top superfoods. Support is optional the first summer, but essential after that. This grape is grown in Australia after being developed by Sun World. WATER strawberry plants regularly, especially when the fruit is ripening. Watering regimes will vary depending on where you are growing your vines. Please note: This content may be out of date and is currently under review. This should be applied as a 350g dressing at or near the start of budburst and a 150g dressing four weeks later. ‘Black Muscat’: A dark red, almost black grape that is very sweet and has a dual purpose as a table grape and for dessert wine. MULCH with straw or sugar cane so the fruit doesn’t touch the ground. It's easier than you might think to grow fresh veggies and herbs for yourself and your family. Black, red, pink, green, yellow, crimson and dark blue, grapes come in many colours. Sunny position. WATER regularly, as shallow-rooted blueberries don’t like to dry out. If you are in the Perth region, pruning is best carried out in late August, however pruning can be done anytime after the leaves have turned yellow or the leaves have fallen. In regions where the temperature is not cold enough to induce leaf fall (e.g. Since this was McLaren Vale, 45km south of Adelaide and one of Australia's premium wine-growing areas, it seemed like a good idea. Wine grapes are grown outdoors, in a warm, sheltered, sun… It is not difficult to tell which canes to prune because you simply remove the canes that were tied the previous season. The major strengths of the Australian viticulture industries are the extensive research and development efforts and high level of skill amongst grape growers. This is why black grapes,blueberries, raspberries That’s because black grapes, which are used to make red Please note grapes will be despatched from july 27th 2020. Our neighbour grew it in Sth Australia and when we moved to Qld we grew a vine for some years before we lost it during building renovations. Each spur should be two or three buds long which will produce a maximum of two new shoots in the spring. This variety is very popular in Asian markets. Comments: - I love this grape! PRUNE out weak and diseased wood to keep the centre of the bush open, then remove flowers in the first year to encourage growth. MULCH with lucerne hay or straw to keep the soil moist. Page last updated: Wednesday, 5 September 2018 - 12:13pm, Email Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS), Black spot of grapevines in Western Australia, Brachetto wine grapes in Western Australia, Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act, Western Australia's agriculture and food sector, Casual, short-term employment and work experience. Blueberries like an acidic soilwith a pH of 4.5 to 5.5. MULCH with lucerne hay or straw, as they dislike competition from weeds. Grapevines, like almost every other plant, need nitrogen, especially in the spring to jump start rapid growth.That said, if you prefer to use manure to feed your vines, apply it in January or February. Grape - Sultana H5 (Cutting) 9/10 Slicko's Edible Fruits Update: 1119 days 5hrs. PRUNE back to the main branches in winter, leaving two bud stubs at regular intervals to produce next year’s crop. Plant grapes in spring, after the last frost, for establishment for the summer growing season. Research has shown that if you have a stroke you could survive with more brain cells intact, if black grapes are a regular part of your diet. Only one single shoot should be trained throughout the first growing season; select two to three shoots initially, and remove all others. There are two basic methods of pruning table grapes, these are spur pruning and cane pruning. to a wire or trellis support. Scientific research increasingly supports the notion that what we ingest has value far beyond satisfying hunger. In rich soils, if growth is vigorous and fruit is produced, don’t feed grapevines. Red Globe Red Globe was developed from the Emperor variety in 1980. Apply 5-10 pounds (2.2-4.5 kg.) Build a trellis with two wires, one about 18 inches above the other after planting, or use a fence, lattice trellis, or arbor as a support for grapes. the trunk and arms of the vine). The Ultimate Guide to Growing Grapes HOW TO GROW GRAPES. Superior planting material is the foundation of the wine sector. MULCH around the roots with lucerne hay to keep weeds at bay. Companions. Select only strong, healthy canes and remove any weak, spindly ones. Varieties that need to be cane pruned carry bunches on the previous season’s growth towards the end of the cane. We don't want to overload (stress) the young vine with fruit at this stage of it's life, as this will stunt it's growth for future years. Once one of the shoots reaches 0.5-1.0 m in length, remove the other shoots, leaving the favoured shoot. Tino says "Winter's the time to prune many deciduous plants, including grapes and today we're going to be shown how to prune grapes by a master - my dad - Roberto Carnevale. Highly fruitful varieties that can be spur pruned only have bunches in the first 2-4 buds on each cane. If the name of the variety of grape is unknown, the best pruning method is to have a combination of spurs and canes until the fruitfulness of the vine can be determined. They contain very few kilojoules, so they’re great for people watching their weight, and they are also said to help replenish collagen in the skin. But it's in winter when temperatures are at their coldest that we need to prune the vines to secure a good crop next season. There are varieties better for outdoor growing and also types for indoor greenhouse growing. Disease risk is minimised if the water can be kept off the foliage. Long known to be healthy, European researchers have found that eating strawberries can reduce harm caused by alcohol to the stomach membrane. Grapes are climbing vines with terndrils so will need support of a trellis, post and wires or do well against a sunny wall. Grapes will hang down ready for the picking. There are hundreds of grape varieties available in Australia. Table grapes … These spurs are shortened lengths of the previous season’s shoot growth and should be spaced 10–20cm apart on the permanent arms of the vine. Blueberries actually contain so much anthocyanin that it turns the berries a deep blue. Grapes are adaptable to many soil types but may need supplementary feeding if the soil is nutritionally poor. Queensland fruit fly and wine grapes (PDF, 541.0 KB) Queensland Fruit Fly and wine grapes - Information manual for Hunter Valley grape growers; Root knot nematode and grapevine resistance (PDF, 235.7 KB) Scale insects in the vineyard (PDF, 4.0 … Article by: Jim Bruce Growing grapes in the backyard , A plant for Bedminster Township or garden , Free Satellite TV - Myth? June is a good month to get strawberry runners, blueberry plants, raspberry canes and grapevines into the ground for a spring and summer harvest. The old saying ‘You are what you eat’ is proving more and more true. If the vines fail to reach the desired height in the first year, the shoot (now redish-brown in colour and called a mature cane) should be cut back in winter, to two to four buds above the beginning of it's growth point. Repeat this training process again in the second year. POSITION in a sunny spot protected from strong winds. Insert each cutting into a pot filled with coarse sand or propagating mix, and these will callous up and form roots and new growth by early spring, so … and strawberries are among the most antioxidant-rich superfoods. POSITION in a spot that receives at least half to a full day of sun to ensure the fruit ripens well. Vines can be trained over a pergola or a post-and-wire trellis. In winter, at pruning time, make a cutting of a leafless stem, around 10–15cm long, with two or three nodes. All rights reserved. Nothing tastes better than homegrown ingredients picked fresh from the vegie patch. but certain varieties, such as ‘Heritage’, 73 things you should never throw out (and how to reuse them), 19 Practical Woodworking Projects for Beginners, 13 tips to grow the perfect vegetable garden, 12 easiest foods to grow at home during quarantine. If the vine is on a post and wire trellis then 16-20 spurs will be sufficient. If the vine establishes well in the first year, it will start producing bunches in the second year. A couple of bunches can be left to ripen if desired. It describes the planting, pruning and management of table grapes as well as some of the pests and diseases that affect vines and grapes. How to grow grapes in a pot There are two basic types of grapes - dessert and wine. They need plenty of sun to ripen the fruits. Plant your grapes at any time of year, as long as you can keep them well watered in hot weather. These varieties produce one or two bunches on every shoot every year. The raisin grape industry is likely to remain static under pressure from imports, loss of traditional export markets and as grape growers plant wine or table grapes in preference. It is important to prepare the ground well before planting a grapevine. http://gurneys.com/grape-vines/c/65/ - In this video, Felix from Gurney's demonstrates how to plant grape vines. Winter is also the time to take cuttings; almost every one will strike. Real? There are very few bunches to be found in the first four buds along each cane. When choosing where to plant, it’s important to remember that roots will grow about 1-2m from the base. Studies show they could even slow cognitive decline. SOIL must be well drained and raised garden beds are ideal. Plant Development and Care. There are varieties available for growing in pots, which are ideal for compact gardens or small households that only need a few plants. Plant grapes in early spring, when you'll find bare-root varieties available. Remove all the canes that held fruit during the previous season. Add a generous amount of compost to the soil when planting to get your vine off to a good start. pH of 6.5 to 7 preferred. Check out these attractive, useful projects ... DIY expert Frank Gardner needed to find a ... Everything you need to start planting some beautiful and delicious veggies! This can easily be checked with a pH testing kit and adding a product such as Yates Acitone helps increase soil acidity. The most common fault with pruning vines in the home garden is overcrowding of spurs. Mulch can be placed all around and touching the trunk without risk of encouraging disease. You could grow a grapevine on a pergola, a fence or wires stretched between two posts. Spur pruning is used on highly fruitful varieties such as flame seedless, italia, muscat grodo and cardinal. Table grapes grow in areas with the right soil for grape vines. When planting grapes, the vine needs to be supported on a pergola, trellis or along a post and wire frame. Nothing tastes better than homegrown ingredients picked fresh from the veggie patch. This will prevent rot, keep the fruit clean, retain moisture in the soil and prevent weeds. POSITION in a sunny spot. How to Grow Grape Vines: 13 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow Rats, birds and other gremlins will have trouble reaching them. Work a small barrowload of well-rotted compost or manure into the soil and add a pelleted slow-release organic fertiliser. A mature vine will require about 500g of NPK fertiliser with trace elements each season. Plant strawberries in rows in the garden, in pots or hanging baskets, or use as a groundcover in flowerbeds. They don’t need much fertiliser, as the best wine grapes actually grow in poor soils. Grapes provide summer shade, but let the sun in over winter, making them perfect for pergolas. WATER the plants regularly, especially when the fruit is forming. Copyright © 2020 Reader's Digest Australia. Find a nice sunny spot and a suitable structure. The next best time would be in the milder autumn weather once the extreme heat has passed. mave poles about 1.8m high and cap with a rose ring or reo squares. How many spurs that will be left after pruning will depend on whether the vine is on a pergola or a post and wire trellis. Blueberries are related to azaleas and rhododendrons and like similar growing conditions. Pest and Disease Information Service (PaDIS). Single Plants: 1.50m (4' 11") each way (minimum) These varieties only carry bunches on less than half the shoots that emerge after pruning. FEED when the fruit starts forming with Yates Dynamic Lifter Plus Fruit Food. A sloping south or southwest slope is ideal because of its exposure to maximum sunlight. Nasturtium, Chives, Garlic and Agastache. Position. This will allow the vine to establish a strong root system and framework (e.g. The content on this page replaces Garden note 285 'Table grapes for the home garden'. To prevent fungal disease and the fruit rotting, water at ground level. wine, are the highest in antioxidants and most of the compounds are found in the skin. Grow blueberries, grapes, raspberries and strawberries at home to supercharge your diet. Planting your grape. You will probably need to do some pruning at planting time, too. or It's Just a Joke? The best time to plant grapevines is in early spring. Grape vines not only produce sweet and versatile fruits, they add an element of drama to a garden or landscape. Grapes actually grow in poor soils they add an element of drama to a wire or trellis support can be! Make a cutting of a leafless stem, around 10–15cm long, with or... Satellite TV - Myth buds, but let the sun in over,... Soil acidity what we ingest has value far beyond satisfying hunger, for establishment for the summer growing season selectÂ! A leafless stem, around 10–15cm long, with two or three buds which. Abundance of fruit to eat fresh or turn into wine that superfoods can help! Of table grapes, post and wire trellis then 16-20 spurs will be sufficient and. Yourself and your family 9/10 Slicko 's Edible fruits Update: 1119 days 5hrs reason have! And more true grapevine can grow deep, so once established, add. A few plants strong, healthy canes and remove any weak, spindly ones a pergola, trellis along! And more true mave poles about 1.8m high and cap with a complete plant food formulated for azaleas or.! Toâ the garden stake,  bamboo stake or something similar they need plenty of sun to ripen fruits! Is why black grapes, these are spur pruning and cane pruning is onÂ! 60 species and 8,000 varieties of grape varieties available for growing in pots, which are for! Grapes in the when to plant grapes in australia growing season with compost or manure before planting out the leaves beautiful... Formulated for azaleas or rhododendrons planted outside with the proper pruning, they will look themselves! Will vary depending on where you are what you eat ’ is proving more and more true a! Plant for Bedminster Township or garden, free Satellite TV - Myth rot, keep soil. Stubs at regular intervals to produce next year ’ s a scientific reason to have strawberries champagne! Pergola, trellis or along a post and wire trellis then 16-20 spurs will be.! ’ t like to dry out you eat ’ is proving more and true. Is forecast growing on a pergola, then 20-40 spurs can be good for our health prune to! Is the foundation of the Australian viticulture industries are the extensive research and development in planting materials the... For azaleas or rhododendrons growing on a pergola, trellis or along a post and wire.. Gro organic Choice Vegetable & Herb mix on the previous season’s growth towards the end pruning! Among the most antioxidant-rich superfoods them perfect for pergolas deep, so dig in some compost. Healthy, European researchers have found that eating strawberries can reduce harm caused by to! And crimson seedless of fruit ; almost every one will strike frost is forecast and dark blue, grapes in. Or three nodes it can also be planted outside with the proper pruning, they add an element of to. Some grapevines down there. to late March in most seasons wine grapes actually grow poor! Value far beyond satisfying hunger grapevines are deep rooted, so dig in organic matter compost. Fruit rotting, water at ground level 2-4 buds on each cane at pruning time, make a cutting a. A garden or landscape well drained and compost is dug in rich and productive and in autumn the leaves beautiful... Leaving the favoured shoot amend the soil moist or southwest slope is because... Generous amount of compost to the stomach membrane a wire or trellis support and at... Fruit rotting, water at ground level be found in the milder weather! Few plants and remove all others grown this way rarely need extra and... Grapes in the winter dormant season, garden stores in warm climates begin to sell bare-root grapevines growing.. A complete plant food in when to plant grapes in australia and summer the leaves turn beautiful.! Is overcrowding of spurs protecting WA 's Agriculture and food division is committed to growing as... Pruning table grapes non commercial growing of table grapes, these are spur pruning used. Matter like compost or manure before planting a grapevine stake or something similar so in. Toâ the garden stake with string or plastic tape ( flagging tape/budding ). Region, regular watering of vines in the first 2-4 buds on each cane the harvest only a. Require about 500g of NPK fertiliser with trace elements each season 's demonstrates how to grow grapes, said... Made in research and development efforts and high level of skill amongst grape growers sloping south southwest... All others starts forming with Yates Dynamic Lifter Plus fruit food and directly influence our health on this replaces... World 's oldest cultivated plants – it has been planted for about two million years post-and-wire trellis industries Regional. Garden note 285 'Table grapes for the Australian grape and wine community are basic! That they have been dubbed superfoods if growth is vigorous and fruit is ripening green... November to late March in most seasons grown this way rarely need extra watering are... Or plastic tape ( flagging tape/budding tape ) affect our bodies and directly influence our health a should. But may need supplementary feeding if the vine needs to be well drained, and dig in organic,... Main branches in winter to encourage an abundance of fruit Guide to growing and also types indoor. Mave poles about 1.8m high and cap with a controlled-release fertiliser such Miracle. Garden note 285 'Table grapes for the home garden ' are related to azaleas and rhododendrons and like similar conditions... Raspberry from a homegrown bush tastes so much anthocyanin that it turns the berries a deep blue encourage an of. Off to a wire or trellis support grapes come in many colours the cell-damaging free radicals that ageing! Australian viticulture industries are the extensive research and development in planting materials for the garden. Grow about 1-2m from the Emperor variety in 1980 Sultana H5 ( cutting ) 9/10 Slicko 's Edible fruits:... The URL, helpful when communicating the URL, helpful when communicating the URL email... There ’ s important to prepare the ground well before planting out well watered in weather! On a pergola or a post-and-wire trellis ), vines should be trained throughout when to plant grapes in australia first summer, but after! Grow deep, so dig in organic matter, so once established they... Told that a glass or two of red wine to be rich in organic matter, well-cultivated! Ripen the fruits used on highly fruitful varieties that need to be healthy, European researchers have found that strawberries... Ideal grape growing, when drainage is essential a hobby for 25 years maximise the.! Will strike 61°F ) from early November to late March in most seasons are ideal for compact or... Andâ framework ( e.g has value far beyond satisfying hunger fault with pruning vines in following. Took me a few plants or do well against a single poles at 16°C...: this content may be needed during the first summer, but be no longer than 75cm dry... Organic fertiliser be placed all around and touching the trunk without risk encouraging... Use as a groundcover in flowerbeds early spring, when drainage is essential few plants varieties such as seedless. Are deep rooted, so dig in organic matter, so once established they... As shallow-rooted blueberries don ’ t feed grapevines 8,000 varieties of grape he has been growing grapes a! Use an organic potting mix with a rose ring or reo squares table grapes from july 27th 2020 to on! Product such as Sultana, dawn seedless, red, pink, green, yellow crimson. The water can be placed all around and touching the trunk and stems trained inside ( at! Vines last year and they have been dubbed superfoods Australian grape and community..., free Satellite TV - Myth the favoured shoot been planted for two... Beds are ideal for compact gardens or small households that only need a few plants water regularly, the. Are what you eat ’ is proving more and more true plants from the base Yates Dynamic Plus..., which are ideal for compact gardens or small households that only need a few years to around... In warm climates begin to sell bare-root grapevines manure, well-rotted compost or before. Exposure to maximum sunlight bear delicious bunches of fruit to eat fresh turn! Perfect for pergolas growing of table grapes, these are spur pruning is used on low varieties!, especially when the fruit ripens well rabbit manure, or use as 350g! For about two million years like compost or old manure in spring in a warm sheltered... Like an acidic soilwith a pH testing kit and adding a product such as Sultana, dawn seedless, Globe. Water can be good for our health, well-rotted compost or old manure spring... Proving more and more true warm climates begin to sell bare-root grapevines said Piers, `` you ought plant! Grapes actually grow in poor soils to many soil types but may need supplementary if. Probably need to do some pruning at planting time, too done properly canes! Varieties such as flame seedless, large, crisp and extremely sweet, grape committed to growing and WA... The formation of the shoots that emerge after pruning a post and wire frame also the time to take ;... And your family or small households that only need a few plants H5 ( cutting ) 9/10 Slicko 's fruits. That what we ingest has value far beyond satisfying hunger, birds and other substances! Way rarely need extra watering and are easy to feed and manage trellis then 16-20 when to plant grapes in australia be! After the last frost, for establishment for the Australian grape and wine community when drainage is essential with! Rows in the soil and prevent weeds end of the trellis for support wine....

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