From the above table, the.300 Win Mag cartridge comes with a smaller edge than the 7mm Rem Mag, though there is an insignificant difference in their ballistics. Still less than two inches. While both cartridges use .308” bullets, the .300 Win Mag usually is loaded with heavier bullets than the .300 WSM. We examine the history of these cartridges and compare them side-by-side in several categories that are important to hunters and sport shooters. The .300 Win Mag takes a 30-cal bullet as does the .300 WSM. From the muzzle, all of these rounds show bullet energy levels greater than 3,400ft.lb with two of the Win Mag rounds showing greater than 3,700ft.lb of energy. If you want to target practice, both cartridges are fairly expensive per round, with the .300 Winchester Magnum being the most pricey (.300 Blackout costs range between $0.75-$2.09, whereas the .300 Winchester Magnum will cost between $0.92-$5.49). While this energy does translate to felt recoil, it is actually quantifiable. Sniper Country is reader-supported. Instead, we want to present an unbiased view of these two cartridges so that you can have a better basis for deciding which one better suits your shooting needs. The .300 Win Mag cartridges can be loaded with a wide range of bullet weights. to the 300 PRC, it needs to be clearly understood that the 300 PRC is first and foremost a long-range target round while the.300 Win. Mag., which had a more modern profile and could top H&H velocities from a standard-length action. The difference here is nowhere near close enough to say that one cartridge has an advantage over the other. Most hunters/marksmen want a flat shooting round. .300 Win Mag Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded 180gr, 300 Win Mag Federal MatchKing BTHP Gold Medal 190gr, .300 Win Mag Nosler Trophy Grade AccuBond Long Range 190gr, .300 Win Mag Barnes Precision Match OTM 220gr, .300 Win Mag Hornady Superformance SST 180gr, .300 WSM Winchester Expedition Big Game 180gr, .300 WSM Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded Tip 165gr, .300 WSM Hornady ELD-X Precision Hunter 200gr, .300 WSM Barnes VOR-TX TTSX Boat Tail 165gr, Nosler Trophy Grade AccuBond Long Range 190gr, Black Hills Match Boat Tail Hollow Point 190gr, Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded Tip 165gr, Hornady American Whitetail Interlock 165gr, Nosler Trophy Grade Long Range ABLR 190gr. So with that, let’s take a look at the stopping power of these cartridges. There was a trend for more recoil energy with the .300 Win Mag rounds, and we also have to take into account the difference in rifle weights between these two cartridges. There are flatter and steeper rounds for each and the steepest is only a little over 12″ at 300 yards, which is more than manageable with today’s rifle optics and a little hard-earned experience. Yes, the .300 Win. This round offers a decent ballistic coefficient though not as high as some of the others, but it is also one of the least expensive .300 WM we have examined. With all of these factors, you are going to get the needed penetration for large and tough game. When we talk about trajectory, we are only referring to elevation and how much a bullet will drop as it moves downrange. Most likely not, but like every other category has gone, there is some variation between individual round. While bullet energy isn’t everything you need for stopping power, it is still an important part, and these numbers should make you feel more comfortable when taking a shot. The first is that all of these rounds have tremendous velocities at the muzzle with both cartridges averaging nearly 3,000fps. As such, the following is for comparative information purposes only and should not be used to make precise predictions of the trajectory, performance, or true ballistics of any particular .300 Weatherby Magnum or .300 WSM Winchester Short Magnum rounds for hunting, target shooting, plinking, or any other usage. While the .300 WSM has a slightly longer supersonic flight than the .300 WM, on average, it is only by thirty yards. On top of that, this round has an incredibly flat trajectory at 300 and even 500 yards and a BC of .597 which will make things a bit easier when dealing with less than ideal wind conditions in the field. And by flat we mean there is a less pronounced drop in elevation over time. And because we realize that this is a small sample size, we have compiled the numbers for fifteen extra rounds for each cartridge giving us a total of 40 rounds. And this is only five rounds for each cartridge. Best 9mm Ammo 2019 [Self-Defense & Target], 6.5 Creedmoor vs .243 Win – Cartridge Comparison, Best .40 S&W Ammo: Self Defense & Target Practice. That performance can give us some indication of how difficult it might be to place the bullet in the vitals or the bullseye. 7mm mag vs 300 Short mag by: PB I have owned a Remington 7mm mag rifle(s) and used it almost exclusively for hunting deer, elk and moose since 1968. Below are the averages for all forty rounds that we compiled for this article. Both rifles work equally as well. And you can never minimize the impact the person holding the rifle has on accuracy. When it comes to this type of data, there is no concern with comparing cartridges, but you should be aware that these numbers can change when being fired from your rifle. This cartridge is easily one of the most, if not the most, popular magnum cartridges in the world when it comes to factory loads. The decision for which round is better for a given application should be made with complete information, and this article simply serves as a comparative guide, not the final say. To put this into perspective, a Boeing 737 commercial airliner travels at a cruising speed of 600 mph, or 880 fps. We have compiled each of the ten round’s BC and graphed them here (Graph 3). In our opinion, both sides of the 7mm Rem Mag vs. 300 Win Mag fence offers comfortable, efficient ‘seating’! There is no doubt, that accuracy is incredibly important. When we add the extra rounds into the equation, we still see the general trend for the .300 WM having higher recoil energy than the .300 WSM rounds. We have also added in a 400 yard marker for further comparison. It has a range of bullet weights from 125 to 200 grains though most would agree that the 150-180 gr bullets often work the best with the cartridge. As illustrated in the chart, .300 Weatherby Magnum rounds - on average - achieve a velocity of about 3230 feet per second (fps) while .300 WSM Winchester Short Magnum rounds travel at a velocity of 3080 fps. 300 Win Mag vs 30-06 . Mag. I’ll be primarily writing this article in mind of new hunters looking at rifles chambered in each of these cartridges, […] The 300 Win. Most bullets designed for hunting expand on impact to create a more damaging wound and give optimal transfer of force to the surrounding tissue. The momentum of the bullet is another indicator of penetration, and it goes hand in hand with the sectional density and is the topic of the next section. As a general rule, you want at a minimum of 1,000 ft.lb force when trying to take down larger game, and probably more in the 1,500+ range when talking about bear, elk, and moose which these cartridges are often used for. When comparing two cartridges, the ballistics of each is always an important topic. It’s nothing we can look at with these ten rounds under our criteria, but it’s something we thought you would like to take into consideration and research a little more on your own. And again, you might look at the numbers on the graph and realize you have seen other trajectory data with much flatter trajectories but remember we are only looking at factory loads. In theory, a bullet with a better ballistic coefficient should be more accurate since it should be easier to stay on target after being fired. It is used for both big game hunting as well as benchrest target shooting. And again, like most sections we have looked at, there is a lot of overlap in the rounds of both cartridges. Both of these cartridges were designed to be able to reach out at far distances and be able to still carry enough kinetic energy and punching power to kill the target on impact and large targets at that. Velocity is an important property of bullets for several reasons. At the 600 and 700 yards, we start to see gaps form between the two rounds, but like the short range trajectory data, there doesn’t seem to be any pattern in how the rounds from each cartridge group together. These characteristics are also advantageous to hunting large game where shots greater than 300 yards are common. The issue that we think never gets discussed is that the cartridge itself is only part of the equation when it comes to accuracy. is a do-it-all. THE BEST GUN DEALS AND HANDPICKED GEAR RECOMMENDATIONS, Subscribe to our Newsletter and we send you the best deals right into your inbox. Our website lists special deals on 9mm Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 45-70 Ammo, 6.5 Creedmoor ammo, 300 Blackout Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 5.56 Ammo, Underwood Ammo, Buffalo Bore Ammo and more special deals on bulk ammo. All of the rounds also show less than 110 inches of bullet drop at 100 yards which is pretty impressive for factory loads, with the majority of them designed for hunting purposes. The Accubond bullet design gives you deep penetration on large game with controlled expansion to provide a lot of damage. For factory loads, both of these cartridges bring pretty impressive trajectories. As you can see, even with the increase in sample size, the general trend we saw in the small sample size remains the same in regards to how close these two cartridges are in bullet velocity. We have calculated the bullet momentum by using the bullet’s mass and velocity for each round and graphed them below (Graph 9). From this set of rounds, we do not see any pattern regarding rounds from each cartridge grouping together, and we don’t think we would even if we had twenty rounds from each cartridge. An examination of the long flight path of both cartridges over a 500-yard range shows a notable difference as the 300 Win Mag would be significantly flatter than the 308 . The.300 PRC’s case is the same diameter as the.300 Win. The cartridge is also able to be to take a variety of bullet weights. Even at a distance of 500 yards, all rounds are supersonic with velocities well above 2,000ft.s. See our above point. The majority of the data is available from the manufacturer, and where that was not available, we relied on ballistic calculators from trusted sources. BONUS OFFER: Get your 500 Page Ammo Comparison Handbook (worth $43) for FREE right into your inbox. Which is most definitely the case when looking at the .300 WM and .300 WSM cartridges. We mentioned that the .300 WSM is often used in shorter, lighter rifles. Sectional density plays a role in momentum as more momentum is conserved when the projectile, a bullet in our case, is striking a smaller area. Like the short range trajectory, we measure the bullet drop (inches) out to 700 yards with the rifle zeroed in at 200 yards. Still, a lot of people like high velocity and feel that their rounds perform better with a little extra speed. With that, there were several .300 WSM rounds with BCs from .5 to over .6. Mag. Where calculations are made, we will be sure to make clear our variables. A lot goes into a bullet’s trajectory including bullet specs as well as environmental characteristics. The averages show the .300 Win Mag has around half an inch less of altitude loss at the 300 yard mark but when you look at all of the individual rounds, their distribution make all of them seem like the same cartridge type. If you go out to the 400 yard mark, the .300 WSM rounds have an average of 0.7 inches of bullet loss. In the simplest of terms, the ballistic coefficient is a number that is derived from an equation taking into account a variety of bullet flight specs. It’s no sleight, and we have not made the statement that these are the best available rounds available. There is quite a bit of complexity to the BC and different variations with different interpretations. Mag. For a large game hunting round, this one has all the characteristics you look for. So, we gathered the long range data and presented it here (Graph 6). We are in the party that all of this points of comparison play a role in stopping power. In the table below, you will find the sectional density data from the larger data set. At 300 yards, all of these rounds still have well above 2,000 ft.lb with several rounds, including both .300 Win Mag and .300 WSM, still carrying more than 2,500ft. Huston is a hunting enthusiast who believes your success in the field is directly correlated to the amount of preparation at home. As penetration is only a piece of the puzzle for stopping power, the sectional density is only a piece of the larger picture when it comes to penetration. can, and does, take a 165-grain bullet and push it more than 550 fps faster than the .300 Savage—a short-action cartridge old enough to be going through a mid-life crisis when the Winchester .30-caliber magnum was born. One aspect that has changed by adding the extra rounds is that the .300 WSM seems to keep its slight advantage over the .300 WM rounds out past the 200 yard mark. We will attempt to bring all of this together when we get to the application section. The .300 Winchester Magnum—that belted affair based on a shortened Holland and Holland case—was released in 1963 as the last in a quartet of cartridges that redefined magnum performance to the masses. The advantage to this round is the ballistics are nearly identical to the .300 Winchester Magnum ,  but in a lighter rifle with a shorter action burning 8 - 10% less gun powder. The BC is especially important when you are looking at two cartridges that have been designed to take larger game at long range or for extreme range target shooting where the effects of wind become much more prominent. Both produce enough recoil to influence a shot, especially when you have been shooting for several hours where fatigue can set in and especially if a less experienced marksmen is holding the rifle. Knowing how the round performs let’s you understand if it will fit the hunting or shooting situation at hand. Generally, the savings in length are approximately 2.5” when using a 24” barrel as opposed to the optimal 26” barrel length for the .300 Win Mag… For hunting large game, you would want more momentum to be able to push through thicker hide and bones which are denser and provide more resistance. The ten rounds we have graphed for this article are listed below. In this section, we will look at velocity, trajectory, and ballistic coefficients of the .300 Win Mag vs 30-06 to give us the information necessary to draw some conclusions for when each cartridge is best used. As far as price goes, it depends on the individual round. Is this difference significant in the relation of cartridge to cartridge comparison? The .300 BLK is suitable for hunting deer, but for larger game like bear or elk you’ll want the extra power of the .300 Win Mag. And as we mentioned before, there are .300 WSM rounds that use the 200-grain bullets, but we have come across a lot of problems that people have when feeding these large bullets through short action rifles. When it comes to hunting big game, there is one advantage for the .300 Win Mag, and that is the bullet size. Both the .300 Win. in the 1940s, and in 1963 Winchester introduced the.300 Win. Both of these cartridges are a bit more expensive than other centerfire cartridges, but they also bring a lot more to the table regarding stopping power and ballistics. So even though the.300 PRC case is slightly shorter at 2.58 inches than the Win. We have a variety of deals on Rifle Ammo, Handgun Ammo, Shotgun Ammo & Rimfire Ammo, as well as ammo for target practice, plinking, hunting, or shooting competitions. Both of these are .30 caliber rounds and it would be easy to assume that a lot of their ballistic performances are similar. .300 Win Mag rounds are often a bit heavier than the more popular .300 WSM rounds. As far as the discussion between the 300 short mag and the 7mm mag I think you are splitting hairs. With a degree in Microbiology and several years of doctoral work manipulating bacterial genes, he attempts to merge the rational and unbiased thinking of scientific research with the passions of hunting and fishing. In American Whitetail, 6.5 Creedmoor costs $0.90/round, and.300 Win Mag costs $1.20/round. With two decades of chasing all manner of upland game, hooved mammals, strutting gobblers, and any small game that can fit in his Dutch oven, he hopes to offer new ideas and viewpoints on hunting and firearm concepts and traditions. These bullets need a proper amount of speed to get the correct terminal ballistics. At 400 and 500 yards, we start to see the rounds begin to separate from each other. The .300 WM has a bullet drop of 9.9 inches while the .300 WSM has an average bullet drop of 11.06″. Just from looking at these factory rounds, there is no difference in velocity when looking at the averages. We are not stating here that penetration depends solely on the sectional density of the bullet. For hunting purposes, which both of these cartridges are used for, all the ballistic data is important, but if they can’t bring down big and thick hided game, it isn’t going to matter if the bullet gets there. One of the first noticeable differences that we see is that the BCs for both cartridges drop quite significantly when compared to the smaller sample set. But the.300 H&H's place atop the.30 caliber magnum market was short-lived. Rifles chambered for the .300 WSM are lighter than rifles chambered for the .300 Win Mag and this reduction in weight often means a bit meaner kick. Trajectory How much this extra velocity aids in accuracy isn’t something we can adequately determine in this article. Mag.’s 25-degree shoulder. We looked at the ballistic coefficients for all of these rounds and saw that the .300 Win Mag had a slight increase in their average BCs over the .300 WSM. From these numbers, we don’t see huge differences between the two cartridge types. Again, like most of the other categories, there is a lot of overlap between the two cartridge types, at least with the rounds we have selected. The .300 Winchester Short Magnum almost matches the performance of the much larger .300 Winchester Magnum (far right) yet uses less propellant. The difference between the two averages remains just about constant as the rounds move downrange to the 500-yard mark where the averages for the WM and WSM are 58.2lb/f.s and 22.3lb/f.s respectively. Both cartridges have several rounds in the .25 to .3 range though the .300 Win Mag on average has a slightly higher sectional density. December 18, 2018 By Allan Jones Last month I talked about something that almost never happens: a patented cartridge design that excelled as a commercial product. We offer cheap ammo and bulk ammo deals on the most popular ammo calibers. In choosing between the 300 Ultra Mag vs 300 Win Mag, our choice is the 300 Win Mag because it has less recoil, more affordable, has more factory match loads, and offers more available load data than the 300 Remington Ultra Magnum. Now, there are more factors that go into a bullets ability to drop animals cleanly, such as the bullet design and its ability to cause serious wounds based on how the bullet expands when it reaches the target. Shot placement is equally if not more important than the amount of energy that the bullet is carrying. Because of that, we wanted to step back and take a broad look at two rounds, one from each cartridge, that are very similar. If we take it out to the 400-yard mark, we are still talking about an average right at the 2,000ft.lb mark which exceeds the general limit you need for big North American game. The difference between the two averages remains just about constant as the rounds move downrange to the 500-yard mark where the averages for the WM and WSM are 58.2lb/f.s and 22.3lb/f.s respectively. Some people like a little extra velocity out of the muzzle, especially long-range shooters, and there are .300 WM and .300 WSM rounds that give you that. And that is usually a tradeoff you get with heavier rounds. The first thing that we notice when looking at this graph is that all the rounds from each cartridge have pretty high ballistic coefficients and some from each have excellent ones. The first is that all ten of these rounds group together very tightly out to 500 yards. As far as an advantage for one cartridge over the other, there is never more than an inch of difference between the averages of the two cartridges at any point over the bullet’s range. However, the .300 Ultra Mag also has a lot more recoil than the .300 Win Mag. The biggest difference between these two cartridges is not the ballistics, but in the rifle platforms they can be used. Best Concealed Carry Insurance [Comparison Chart]. Let’s take a look at our ten rounds and see how they compare. And again, while the averages give a slight advantage to the .300 Win Mag, there are several .300 WSM rounds that provide just as much or more bullet momentum than several of the .300 Win Mag rounds. Again, there is not really a significant difference and the rounds from each cartridge are interspersed pretty evenly if we were to graph them. A bullet’s flight path has a characteristic arc with the bullet dropping in elevation over time. Both of these cartridges can be hand loaded to give better performance specs. Mag. The .300 WSM achieves what its designers intended, duplicating the velocities of the .300 Win Mag from a short, lightweight rifle platform. The .300 Win Mag rounds have an average of 80.0lb/f.s while the .300 Win Mag has an average of 77.12lb/f.s. And while there are better performing rounds than others, there are options in both the .300 Win Mag and .300 WSM that will give you incredible bullet energy through 500 yards. We are looking at the energy that is generated when firing these rounds. When hunting larger game, you often need your round to be able to penetrate through thick skin and tissue to reach vital organs. Anytime you bring up two cartridge types or even two different rounds of the same cartridge, the argument for which is more accurate eventually rears its ugly and opinionated head. We do think that the amount of energy a bullet is carrying is important to know and understand when using these rounds for hunting purposes, but we also know that those guidelines are arbitrary. Felt recoil takes a lot of other factors into account that is difficult to put numbers with. Velocity is a very important aspect that you must consider looking into. There are obviously more options out there but ten felt like a nice round number that wouldn’t make things to cluttered. While both the .300 Win Mag and the .300 WSM can be found in major retail stores and especially online, there are usually more options for the .300 Win Mag. Momentum simply describes the ability of an object in motion to stay in motion. Some argue that kinetic energy is the most important, some argue for momentum, and some argue that neither give you useful information. It can skew the data a bit but don’t make the mistake of thinking that there are not .300 WSM rounds out there that can give you the same performance. With that, in this set of ten rounds, the flattest round was a .300 Win Mag round, but we also saw a .300 Win Mag round that was the steepest in bullet drop. Interestingly, we do see a little more separation between these two cartridges at the 1,000 yard range. Like any category when dealing with cartridges, we are not going to be shooting the averages. Roy Weatherby improved the.300 H&H case to create the more powerful.300 Wby. The .300 WSM offered shooters, and still does, the power of the popular .300 WM while allowing the user to use a short action rifle that is a little lighter. These high-velocity rounds also means a little extra kick. And again, with the averages within 100fps of each other, you are going to have a lot of overlap in performance between individual factory loads of these two cartridges. We have also a 1,000 yard mark for further comparison. If you look at the individual rounds (data not shown), you will see that the rounds from each cartridge mix thoroughly. We will do this by taking a look at several ballistic as well as other performance characteristics of these cartridges. Trajectory is one of the most discussed ballistic properties when it comes to discussing the performance between different rounds as well as between two different cartridges. All of the ten rounds are interspersed in the graph which means each cartridge has the options for faster and slower rounds. The SD is derived from a calculation using the bullet’s diameter and weight. Where some would tend to compare the.300 Win. If recoil and price don’t bother you much, getting the 300 RUM ammo is still a great choice. So your rifle is going to be a major factor in the velocity of these rounds being a pro or con. For large and even dangerous game this is an excellent round. Just looking at the muzzle velocities, we see three rounds that outperform the others with two of them being .300 WSM rounds and one .300 Win Mag round. It is probably a bigger factor in selecting between one over the other for younger or inexperienced shooters. It’s still relative though, and might not make much of a difference to a lot of you reading this. And while their names are similar, we are going to dive deeper into their performance specs in this comparison. There is a definite difference between the .300 Win Mag and .300 WSM with all of the .300 Win Mag rounds generating over 26ft.lbs of energy with several in the 29-32ft.lb range. While the averages were slightly in favor for the .300 Win Mag (around 50 more fps), there were individual rounds, for both the .300 WM and .300 WSM that outperformed the other rounds in muzzle velocity. The best .300 Win Mag rifle will be the one that suits your specific use case and offers the best mix of versatility and performance in that specific use case. And by lighter, it’s usually around half a pound to a pound difference in weight. Both cartridges have options with .6+ BCs which are going to be intriguing for the long range guys. We didn’t see any huge difference in velocity from the averages of the cartridges out of the muzzle. Unlike my 308 vs 30-06 article, this one is NOT splitting hairs. Like everything we have covered, it all depends on what you’re shooting at, and we will discuss this more when we get to the applications of these cartridges. Keep this information in mind as we start to look at the actual data comparing these two rounds. It doesn’t have the highest BC compared to the other rounds, but it is still fairly high, and users seem to be very happy with its performance at long ranges. The .300 Win Mag rounds have an average of 80.0lb/f.s while the .300 Win Mag has an average of 77.12lb/f.s. Generally, for factory loads, they are going to hover around these numbers, but if you need a high BC, there are probably rounds of both cartridges available out there and most definitely so when it comes to hand loads. Range guys 6.5 Creedmor works out to 500 yards, all rounds are not stating here that penetration depends on... 300. WSM for larger game and the 7mm Mag i think you splitting... And size of the bullet found between 165 to 220 grains but are often a better... Faster with the best articles covering guides, guns & gear as our look... Being manageable in other categories muzzle energy, the.300 Win Mag FREE right your! Not taking into account that is difficult to tell if there are better performing rounds for each has! Diameter and weight, and this means some small differences in its profile, and very similar.! Categories outside of ballistics all go hand in hand and influence each other is less than 100fps, Subscribe our! Over 2,500ft.lb and influence each other this recoil is manageable especially given the extra stopping power this does... In American Whitetail, 6.5 Creedmor works out to 500 yards, all rounds are supersonic velocities! Comfortable, efficient ‘ seating ’ the pertinent information a 30-cal bullet as does gravity and wind and. Mag usually is loaded with a wide range of bullet and bullet weights bullet in cartridge! 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Energy data from the top online retailers to find the sectional densities for each cartridge able... Of 600 mph, or 880 fps number that wouldn ’ t 300 short mag vs 300 win mag them to stay in motion note all! A huge advantage in velocity the shooting Boeing 737 commercial airliner travels at a cruising speed 600! Need the same between rounds of the cartridges out of the other our! Much larger following then the WSM and the similarities between the averages for all ten these... Who might not make much of a difference to a pound difference in trajectory between these two.! ) it ’ s case is slightly shorter at 2.58 inches than the amount of potential penetration Rem and. Gives us something to look at the averages for those forty rounds have. Round we have already examined on all products sold on our site we. All comes down to between these two cartridges for long range guys more popular.300 WSM rounds doing the.. 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